HEALTH ISSUES(MALARIA)

greetings

greetings

Hello good people of the world,

                                               Good morning,afternoon,evening,what ever being the time at your lovely place.Whenever i start blogging i try to give nothing but the best to my lovely and wonderful followers.Am Kwame the whiz but today you can call me THE DOCTOR,because am to give you the best gist about the worlds deadliest killer diseases.Did you know that over 1000 people die due to malaria all over the world.And am posting this blog today to help you with the causes,symptoms and preventions.

Anopheles Mosquito feeding on an individual

Anopheles Mosquito feeding on an individual

             MALARIA

  1. Malaria is a serious (sometimes fatal) disease that is spread by mosquitoes who have been infected by a parasite. The disease is spread when mosquitoes feed on humans.A mosquito named ”anopheles
  2. Found mostly in warmer climates, malaria breeds where there is an abundance of humidity and rain.
  3. Malaria exists in 109 countries around the world, making 3.3. billion people (half of the world population) susceptible to the disease.
  4. About 90 percent of malaria-related deaths occur south of the Sahara in Africa. The majority of these are children under the age of 5.
  5. In the U.S., 1,500 cases of malaria are found every year.
  6. Common side effects of malaria are high fever, chills, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. Severe illness and death can normally be avoided if the disease is properly treated.
  7. An infected person may start feeling symptoms anywhere from a week to a month after they are bitten. With some rarer forms of malaria, the parasite remains dormant and an infected person will not become ill for up to 4 years.
  8. In 2010, 216 million clinical cases of malaria were recorded worldwide. 655,000 cases were fatal; 86 percent of those were children.
  9. Pregnant women are extremely vulnerable to malaria. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can be passed to the infant or result in low birth weight, which decreases the baby’s chance of survival.
  10. Though most cases exist in countries where malaria is readily transmitted, the disease can also be contracted by traveling to an endemic country. Travelers coming from areas without malaria often have no immunity and are very vulnerable to the illness. Prevention is possible if you visit your primary care physician.
  11. Malaria is not a contagious disease. It cannot be contracted through contact with an infected person, sexually or otherwise.

protect yourself against mosquitoes

protect yourself against mosquitoes

   PREVENTIONS

  • AVOID MOSQUITOES:Mosquitoes bite particularly at twilight and at night, so you should take most precautions during this time.

    Sleep in rooms that are properly screened with gauze over the windows and doors. There should be no holes in the gauze and no unscreened entry points to the room. Air-conditioned rooms are good, too.

    Spray the room with an insecticide before entering to kill any mosquitoes that have got inside during the day.

  • USE MOSQUITO REPELLENT CREAMS:

    Mosquito repellent containing diethyl toluamide (DEET) is recommended as the most effective form of bite-preventive treatment.

    It has an excellent safety profile in adults, children and pregnant women and has been used in over 8 billion doses in the last 50 years.There will always be people who dislike DEET, and for them there are other products – such as non-DEET Jungle Formual, Bayrepel or Mosiguard (made from eucalyptus oil).

     

  • INSECTISIDE TREATED NET:
    When sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened room, have an insecticide-treated mosquito net around your bed. This significantly reduces the risk of bites.

    The net should be small-meshed, with no holes, and tucked in under the bottom sheet.

    During the day, it should be rolled up, so mosquitoes and other insects can’t get inside while it’s not in use.

    Take your own net with you. You can’t always expect to find an impregnated net at your destination.

    Impregnation lasts from six months to one year, depending on how much the net is used and whether you pack it away in a plastic bag when you return from the tropics.

    Just remember not to wash the net in between re-impregnation with the insecticide!

  • PREVENTIVE MEDICINE:

    Taking medicines to prevent malaria is essential, if you’re visiting an area where malaria is prevalent.

    The problem can be choosing the most appropriate antimalarial for the country you’re visiting. You also need to take into account your individual circumstances.

    Because resistance to chloroquine and other drugs is spreading, preventive (prophylactic) medicines that were effective five years ago may no longer be so.

    The geographic spread of chloroquine resistance in the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum is increasing. It exists throughout sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and large portions of South America.

    Apart from chloroquine and paludrine, there are three main drugs on the market in the UK that are licensed for preventing malaria. The most appropriate one(s) will depend on the country you’re visiting and your individual circumstances.

STAY SAFE…..!!!!!!  Your views and comments will be highly acknowledge

 

Start a malaria campaign to educate your classmates. GO

Sources: CDC, Rollback Malaria,dosomething.org,netdoctor.co.uk

 

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